Eh, if it were not for winter in cities and villages, we never knew these merry days ... Or just talk a little about dressing.
In the old days, skins or fur goods were called skor á, skar á, skori, and later the processing of leather goods was called furrier craft. After reading a little more history, it can be assumed that people, having mastered the processing of wood and stone, were able to create weapons. That in turn made it possible to engage in hunting. Where a person could get the skins, and then process and apply them to warm the home and make clothes. This was the beginning of the birth of the furrier, which over time passed the stages of improving processing methods. What led to the separation of the leather and fur industry with a variety of specializations and professions to achieve a higher quality of goods from genuine leather and furs.
The furrier profession remained, but at the present time the furrier skiers specialize exclusively in the selection and cutting of dressed skins before sewing, as well as finishing products. And in order for them to be able to start working the fur raw material goes through the main processing stage, which is called dressing. People directly involved in the processing of fur raw materials and furs, acquired such specializations as technologists for dressing and dyeing furs, furrowers, scribers, etc. People call them simply furriers.
In the modern fur industry, specially equipped factories or workshops with trained personnel are engaged in dressing fur raw materials. People who attend furs processing for the first time, or see it on TV, get the erroneous opinion that everything is simple, it’s done, it’s dried and ready. This is not entirely true, but rather not at all. The manufacture of fur raw materials is a round-the-clock, painstakingly laborious process, with increased material and moral responsibility. And to learn and learn this craft is worth a lot of effort and great desire.
Of course, it will be useful to read the theory, but experience plays a very important part in the processing of furs. Furs are highly valued, so the price of a mistake is very expensive. Professional technologists on slang have such expression "feeling of a skin". Which comes with experience and allows you to understand what is happening with the skin at each stage and achieve the best results. Such experience can not be transmitted through textbooks, they are shared from generation to generation in the process. For these reasons, casual workers in the production does not linger, and experts love their profession and give the craft completely.
The production of skins begins with high-quality conservation. It is the main process, the quality of which determines further processing steps, as well as how easy it will be to work with skins when tailoring the products. Qualitatively dressed skins have a silky, clean, non-greasy fur. The leather is not thick, there is a tightening, elasticity and at the same time to maintain strength. These skins are easily ruled, do not break, and most importantly, the needles do not break when sewing. With high-quality tanning, the welding temperature is not less than 50 degrees, which will allow to avoid unpleasant surprises during the further painting or dry-cleaning, ironing. All these working moments should be understood that it depends on the manufacture and quality of tailoring how much the finished products will be durable.
Expensive elite types of fur Arctic fox, silver fox, mink, are dressed in stockings. In stocking it is harder to flesh, and further processing requires additional operations and takes a longer period of time. Cheaper furs, for example, rabbit, fox, wild raccoon, nutria, beaver, otter are usually cut along the belly or, if the customer so desires, they are made in stockings. In any case, when you bring fur raw materials for manufacture, you should immediately specify this point in order to avoid misunderstanding later.
The process of manufacture itself is divided into several stages and carried out with strict observance of technology. Wet processing includes processes such as soaking, skinning, pickling and tanning. And after dry processing, in which the skins are dried, softened and cleaned hair. Very often, an individual approach to each skin is required, which in turn makes it impossible to fully automate production. It is worth mentioning that in different factories of technology as well as equipment and its quantity may differ, which can directly affect the quality of the finished product. Dressing does not like saving and speed. The use of low-quality cheap detergents, fats, antiseptics, tannins, as well as any attempts to speed up the process lead to a loss of quality.
Such questions are often asked when the customer gives their fur raw materials to work. The time period of the process of manufacture depends on many factors, including force majeure. First of all, it is the number of equipment and specialists, as well as the presence of specially equipped premises for drying. Force majeure situations come in from the banal equipment breakdown, to the breakdown of a water supply system or a power line, or gas.
It is difficult to surprise the fur factory Alyans-fur with unpredictable events. We realize the responsibility we bear to our customers. We were originally built with the slogan "Stability is a sign of skill and professionalism." Alyans-fur factory has cold rooms for the preservation of raw materials, water reserves or wells, backup generators in case of power outages. The presence of boilers makes us independent of gas, there are always employees on staff who are ready to repair any damage in the shortest possible time.
It is important to understand that in any fur production there is such a term as “starting a batch of raw materials into work”. It starts with the countdown to the readiness of your products. This is the number of skins that run on the dressing for the work shift. The cycle of such a start depends on the type of fur and is calculated something like this. Wet treatment takes about 7 days, except for raw materials with thick or dense leather fabric, for example, beaver, males, large mink. Such skins go through the pickling stage longer and the time can be increased up to 15 days. Attempts to speed up the processes of soaking, pickling or tanning are a violation of technology and lead to a drop in the quality of finished hides or complete unsuitability. Dry processing requires about 3-7 days to achieve good results. On average, a full cycle of high-quality workmanship takes about 10-20 days.
Each factory of technology is supposed for more power and capabilities for extracting fur raw materials, so there is also a factor in the workload of orders, and the time of manufacture may vary. The fur, like the sleigh, likes to be prepared in the summer, when the fur industry is least loaded. Then, in the winter season, it is possible to quietly tailor products without unnecessary trouble and worries. In practice, there are cases when customers try to speed up the process by calling. This is fundamentally wrong behavior. Large, experienced factories will still not work faster to the detriment of quality, reputation is more expensive. But in smaller enterprises you can cause panic and get ready-made skins. They will be wet not all the stages of dry processing, which will lead to a drop in the quality of the goods. Again, storing the skins in a wet state leads to sad results. Any production is interested as soon as possible to give out and give you finished quality products in order to absolve themselves of responsibility for safety and free storage facilities.
Banausic dressing is done at home. Is it possible to get high-quality workmanship in artisanal conditions? Perhaps, if we suppose that a person possesses at least school knowledge in inorganic and organic chemistry. Also there are specialized machines and equipment. It is possible to buy high-quality detergents, fats, tannins. Under such conditions, it is possible to achieve good results, but in limited quantities and in an indefinite period. Such dressing is comparable to manual work and most often with rare exceptions it is not economically viable.
Unfortunately, in the 21st century, you can face such kind of dressing, which stopped at the recipes of the last century and use solid alchemy. What only food and the gifts of nature are not used. Eggs with flour, yogurt, oak bark, etc. Raw materials passed such processing methods can not be redone.
In conclusion, we would like to remind the words of our ancestors “to throw away the skin of a dead animal is a sin”, because fur is a valuable natural resource. Especially today for the manufacture of one skin does not necessarily apply to the artisanal dressing. Currently, large fur processing factories, including “Alyans-fur, are very sensitive to raw fur. They have the equipment and the ability to produce high-quality dressing by forming small batches of launch for dressing from retail orders. You just need to call, find out the conditions, to stamp and bring your skin on manufacture. The reward will be a well-made fur skin, which can be used when sewing a product or sold at a market price.